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Act of February 28, 1891 (26 Stat. 794)

Relevant Provisions: 
Size of allotments; leasing; disability/inability; competency; powers of the secretary of the interior

The first two sections of this act modify the provisions in the General Allotment Act relating to amounts of land to be allotted, stipulating that each adult receive an allotment of 80 acres.

Section 3:  Permits the leasing of individual allotments wherever the secretary of the interior finds that the allottee, “by reason of age or disability” cannot “personally and with benefit to himself occupy or improve his allotment or any part thereof.”  This section also stipulates the length of time an allotment may be leased and for which purposes: three years for farming and grazing, 10 years for mining.

Section 4:  Briefly describes the process by which unallotted Indian people may receive allotments for themselves and their children on land not otherwise appropriated.

Section 5:  Provides that for purposes of descent, cohabitation “according to the custom and manner of Indian life” shall be considered valid marriage.

Sections 1 and 4 of this act are amended by the Act of June 25, 1910.

Click here for full text in Charles J. Kappler’s Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, produced by Oklahoma State University Library